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Below are some of the more common signs that orthodontics may be needed:

  • Upper front teeth protrude excessively over the lower teeth (buck teeth)
  • Upper front teeth cover the majority of the lower teeth when biting together (deep bite)
  • Upper front teeth are behind or inside the lower front teeth (underbite)
  • Upper and lower front teeth do not touch when biting together (open bite)
  • Crowded or overlapped teeth. The center of the upper and lower teeth do not line up.
  • Finger or thumb sucking habits which continue after 6 or 7 years old
  • Difficulty chewing
  • Teeth wearing unevenly or excessively
  • Lower jaw shifts to one side or the other when biting together
  • Spaces between the teeth


Possible Benefits of Orthodontic Treatment

  • A more attractive smile
  • Reduced appearance-consciousness during critical development years
  • Better function of the teeth
  • Possible increase in self-confidence
  • Increased ability to clean the teeth
  • Improved force distribution and wear patterns of the teeth
  • Better long term health of teeth and gums
  • Guide permanent teeth into more favorable positions
  • Reduce the risk of injury to protruded front teeth
  • Aid in optimizing other dental treatment

Early Treatment or Phase I Treatment
The American Association of Orthodontists recommends that by age 7, children should have their first orthodontic examination. Early treatment, when indicated, can often prevent skeletal discrepancies and asymmetries. Early orthodontic exams enable us to correct crossbites and alleviate crowding for the eruption of the permanent teeth. We are also able to reduce the severity of skeletal discrepancies while the bone is still soft, allowing for proper functioning and later positioning of teeth.

Phase II Treatment
Phase II treatment is the follow-up to Phase I. It commences after the rest period from Phase I treatment. It starts when the permanent teeth have erupted into place. It typically consists of full upper and lower braces to fully align all of the permanent teeth.

Full Treatment
This is for children with all of their permanent teeth and for adults. It usually includes full upper and lower braces. It combines all treatment needs into one treatment plan at a more mature age.

Working in Concert with other Specialists
Dr. Fenderson regularly works with dentists and dental specialists to coordinate a variety of treatments, from moving teeth to create the ideal space for implants, veneers and bonding to aligning teeth and correcting the bite position for full-mouth reconstruction. Orthodontics straightens teeth so that the patient can clean their teeth better. Clean teeth reduce infection and rejection in bone and tissue grafts, leading to a higher success rate. Orthodontics also prepares the patient for jaw surgery.

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